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SPORTS INJURIES

It is great to work out and start exercising for better health. However, a number of times, people hurt themselves in the process due to not warming up, improper safety gear or because they are not in shape.

SPRAINS

STRAINS

KNEE

MUSCLES

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A sprain, also known as a torn ligament, is damage to one or more ligaments in a joint, often caused by trauma or the joint being taken beyond its functional range of motion.

 

The severity of sprains ranges from a minor injury which resolves in a few days to a major rupture of one or more ligaments requiring surgical fixation and a period of immobilization.

A strain is an acute or chronic soft tissue injury that occurs to a muscle, tendon, or both.

A strain can occur as a result of improper body mechanics with any activity that can induce mechanical trauma or injury. Generally, the muscle or tendon overstretches and is placed under more physical stress than it can exert.

The knee joint consists of an articulation between four bones; the femur, tibia, fibula and patella. There are four compartments to the knee. These are the medial and lateral tibiofemoral compartments, the patellofemoral compartment and the superior tibiofibular joint. The components of each of these compartments can suffer from repetitive strain, injury or disease.

Running long distance can cause pain to the knee joint, as it is high-impact exercise.

Skeletal muscle injuries represent a great part of all traumas in sports medicine, with an incidence from 10% to 55% of all sustained injuries. They should be treated with necessary precaution since a failed treatment can postpone an athlete’s return to the field with weeks or even months and cause recidivism.